Timeline: The conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray

War broke out in northern Ethiopia more than two years ago when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a military offensive against the dissident ruling party in the country’s Tigray region.

Washington says as many as half a million people have died in the fighting, while Olusegun Obasanjo, the African Union’s envoy to the region, has said it could be up to 600,000.

Here is a timeline:


– 2020: troops enter Tigray –


On November 4, Abiy launches military operations against the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), a former guerrilla group that dominated Ethiopian politics for nearly three decades before he took power, and which he accuses of attacking federal army bases.

Eritrea, which fought a war with the TPLF from 1998 to 2000, sends troops into Tigray to help Ethiopian forces.

Two weeks later, Tigray’s capital Mekele falls to government forces.


– 2021: Tigrayans advance –


In June, the rebels retake Mekele and push into the neighbouring regions of Amhara and Afar.

Abiy is sworn in for a new five-year term on October 4. In November, he announces a state of emergency and goes to the frontline to personally direct his troops in battle.

A UN investigation warns of suspected crimes against humanity by all sides.


– 2022: humanitarian truce –


In March, the government and rebels agree to a truce to help accelerate the delivery of emergency aid to the region. The rebels accept a ceasefire.

In late August, the truce falls apart as fighting resumes on Tigray’s southern border. The fighting hinders the transportation of UN humanitarian aid.

On September 1, rebels denounce a joint offensive by Ethiopian and Eritrean forces against the north of Tigray from Eritrea.


– Peace talks –


On October 5, the government and rebels both say they have accepted an invitation to peace talks in South Africa, but they do not take place.

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres warns the situation “is spiralling out of control” as government forces take control of Shire and two other Tigrayan towns.

The talks begin on October 25 in the South African capital Pretoria.

On November 2, the warring sides agree to a “cessation of hostilities”, and the African Union hails the deal as a new “dawn” for Ethiopia.

The TPLF agrees to disarm in return for the restoration of access to Tigray. Communications, banking and electricity are then slowly restored to the region and there has been some resumption of aid deliveries.


– 2023: off terror list –


On Wednesday, in a key step in the peace process, Ethiopia‘s parliament removes the TPLF from the official list of terrorist groups.

Do you love solving puzzles?

Join our community and solve the Puzzling fun with our range of crosswords

image of various puzzles image of background wavy graphic

AM Live

AM Live is NTV's morning current affairs show that sets the agenda for the day with insightful panels every weekday.

Business Redefined

Business Redefined is Kenya’s premier thought leadership platform for unpacking matters regarding economic and finance policy as well demystifying complex developments in the region’s capital markets.

Daily Politics

This is Daily Politics. Here we look into the ins and outs of everything Kenyan politics. We pull no punches and have no reason to sugarcoat anything that matters to Kenyans.


A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula

Full Episodes

A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula

Gumzo La Sato

Gumzo La Sato is a live social issues show that aims to create awareness about issues affecting the larger society. The discussions range from Parenting, Marital bliss and struggles, Oppression, violence, and all matters of the Heart.

Health Diary

Health Diary is a weekly show that highlights different types of diseases/conditions and seeks ways to prevent, treat/manage them. The show debunks this through real life stories and also feature specialists in different fields, to offer medical advice on the same.

Letter To My Younger Self

Letter To My Younger Self is a podcast where guests get to write a letter to their younger self, from which Maxine formulates questions to ask them during the hour-long show.

Mazao Talks

Mazao looks at agriculture and agribusiness

Nation Reports

Nation Reports is a weekly podcast offers an opportunity for listeners to interact with various reporters and journey with them as they unravel the biggest most emotive stories.

Paradise Lost

Paradise Lost peeks through the story of Louis Otieno, the times, and everything in between.



Speaking of GEN Z

Speaking of Gen Z brings you entertaining but meaningful conversations about a generation that is trying to navigate through adulthood. Join hosts Michelle, Jackie and Esther as they unravel all things Gen Z.


Sport-On is a 30-minute sports magazine show on NTV and 3 hours on NATION FM. The show seeks to give the sports “fanatics” and “funatics” comprehensive and in-depth coverage of sports both locally and internationally.


Thamani is a business show which is dedicated to emerging issues regarding micro, small and medium size businesses.

The Trend

A two-hour-long live show that airs on Fridays. The show focuses on what is current in the entertainment industry, controversial and popular across all media platforms targeting those aged between 25 and 35 years.

The trend podcast

The trend podcast highlights and captures the best of banter from #TTTT segment that airs every Friday on NTV. It's the TTTT EXTRA

The Wicked Edition

The Wicked Edition with Dr. King’ori seeks to address serious issues through humour and relatable wit. It is a two-part half hour show filmed in front of a live audience


A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula A collection of our premium content. Diam curabitur vehicula


Twende is a travel show that highlights beautiful, unique, diverse locations, people, and cultures. The show offers fresh perspectives on familiar locations and memorable experiences in new ones.


This Saturday evening lifestyle show lets viewers share their stories and life experiences as openly & honestly for the purpose of shifting the culture of silence.

VIP Access

VIP ACCESS is Anyiko Owoko’s YouTube and podcast show on Music and Culture dedicated to promoting Africa’s most promising talent and creatives. This podcast grants you VIP access into timeless interviews while providing a platform for rising as well as established artists across the continent. Since launching in 2018, Anyiko has interviewed over 70 African music stars.


This weekly news show aims to have all sides of debate but not be constrained by it, listen to main voices in the contest but not allow them to hold the viewers hostage, entertain debate but allow push back with all due respect.

When death do us part

In this podcast, three widowers openly speak about the process of grief, how they found themselves exposed to the emotional turmoil of losing their wives, and how society still does not know how to deal with them.

Your World

Your World is a health, wellness and variety show. It provides a platform for audiences and experts to share their experiences on how to improve or manage health issues, across Kenya and the Africa region.