UN chief sounds alarm on Somalia’s ‘massive’ need for aid
Visiting UN chief Antonio Guterres appealed Tuesday for significant international support for Somalia as it battles a desperate humanitarian crisis caused by “a perfect storm” of drought and protracted armed conflict.
Guterres said at a press conference with President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud in Mogadishu that he was on a “visit of solidarity” to the troubled Horn of Africa nation, where five million people are facing high levels of food insecurity.
Somalia’s worst drought in decades has driven many to the brink of famine, while the government is also engaged in a major offensive to quell a bloody Islamist insurgency.
“This combination of terrorism and drought, largely caused by climate change, creates a perfect storm for the people of Somalia and requires massive support from the international community,” Guterres said during a visit to a camp for internally displaced people.
“The people I met have lost their livestock, they have lost their property, they have lost everything,” he told reporters in the drought-hit district of Baidoa.
The United Nations has launched a $2.6 billion call for humanitarian assistance, but Guterres said the appeal was only 15 percent funded.
“The international community has been absent-minded in relation to the drama of the people of Somalia,” Guterres said.
– ‘Victims of climate change’ –
Mohamud said the UN chief’s two-day visit, the first since March 2017, was also a gesture of solidarity “towards the government and the democratic process of Somalia”.
“This visit ensures that the United Nations is fully committed to support our plans for state building and stabilising the country,” his office said in a statement.
Five successive failed rainy seasons in parts of Somalia as well as Kenya and Ethiopia have led to the worst drought in four decades, wiping out livestock and crops and forcing at least 1.7 million people from their homes in search of food and water.
While famine thresholds have not been reached in Somalia, the UN says about half its population will need humanitarian assistance this year, with 8.3 million affected by the drought.
Adding to the woes, seasonal rains in March led to flooding that claimed the lives of 21 people and displaced more than 100,000, according to the UN, which warned that the rains were unlikely to be enough to improve the food security outlook for many.
“Although Somalis make virtually no contribution to climate change… the Somalis are among the greatest victims,” Guterres said.
– ‘Excess deaths –
Somalia was hit by a famine in 2011 that killed 260,000 people, more than half of them children under six, partly because the international community failed to act fast enough, according to the UN.
A report by the UN and the Somali government released in March said that drought might have led to 43,000 “excess deaths” last year, with children under the age of five accounting for half the victims.
One of the poorest countries on the planet, Somalia has been wracked by decades of civil war, political violence and an insurgency by the Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Shabaab.
Last year, Mohamud declared “all-out war” against the Islamists and sent in troops in September to back an uprising against Al-Shabaab launched by local clan militias in central Somalia.
In recent months, the army and the militias known as “Macawisley” have retaken swathes of territory in an operation backed by an African Union force known as ATMIS, and by US air strikes.
The government said late last month that more than 3,000 Al-Shabaab fighters had been killed since it launched the offensive.
It also said 70 towns and villages had been “liberated” from Al-Shabaab, which has been fighting the fragile central government for more than 15 years.
It was not possible to independently verify the claims.
Al-Shabaab has frequently retaliated against the offensive with bloody attacks, underlining its ability to continue to strike civilian, political and military targets despite the government’s advances.
In a report to the UN Security Council in February, Guterres said that 2022 was the deadliest year for civilians in Somalia since 2017, largely as a result of the Al-Shabaab attacks.